Some babies are born with problems in their urination site that may have devastating consequences later on in life.
One of these problems is hypospadias.A condition where the urethral opening is not located at the tip of the penis. It can be diagnosed as soon as the child is born as the opening can be obviously misplaced.
It’s become easier to fix this problem with the ongoing medical innovation and if there is affordable hypospadias treatment cost.
So what is hypospadias? its causes? and how much does hypospadias treatment cost ?
Hypospadias is a medical condition in which there’s a defect in the opening site of the external meatus (the outer opening) of the urethra. It is more common in baby boys than females.
In males, it’s presented as shifting the site of the external meatus from the tip of the penis head to any other site along the penis, or in the scrotum or the perineum.
In females, it’s a very rare urological condition in which the urethra’s external meatus opens in the vagina and thus increases the incidence of infection.
The exact specific causes of hypospadias are still unknown, but mostly there are many factors noted to influence its predisposition. They include:
According to many family histories that have been collected and reported:
During the 8 – 20 weeks of pregnancy, the urogenital tract develops and this development is regulated by certain hormones like sex hormones e.g. androgens and progesterone.
Any defect in the secretion of these hormones or inability to respond to them affects the development of the urogenital tract.
A study has shown that boys born through in vitro fertilization are more at risk of developing hypospadias than normally born boys. And this is thought to be due to the amount of progesterone administered to the mother then.
Some factors contribute to the risk of developing hypospadias, especially in genetically predisposed babies. They include:
Regarding females, the commonest cause noted is urethral injury. And some risk factor that has been noted are female genital mutilation (FGM) and recurrent lower urinary tract infection.
The most common classification of hypospadias types is done according to the new abnormal site of the outer opening of the urethra which can be:
either at the junction between the head of the penis and its shaft (subcoronal) or at an abnormal location on the head of the penis (glanular).
anywhere along the shaft of the penis either distal (close to the head) or midshaft or proximal (near the scrotum).
either on the scrotum (scrotal) or the perineum (perineal).
In nearly 50 percent of cases, the location is anterior, 20 percent are middle and the rest are posterior.
The symptoms and signs of hypospadias vary according to its type. Mostly they are detected at birth. They include:
Although female hypospadias is a rare condition, its diagnosis is simple through some signs and symptoms which include:
Usually, diagnosed during a physical examination after the baby is born or may later some parents notice signs such as:
Which could be alarming signs to visit to a pediatrician or pediatric urologist.
If severe cases of hypospadias are not treated, it can result in:
The treatment is mainly surgical and sometimes is done in stages. it aims to normalize all the present abnormalities like:
Hypospadias repair is a challenging situation although it is associated with a high success rate of 95%. An expert Urologist will take under one hour for surgery.
No need to worry, Hypospadias surgery cost is affordable and varies depending on the doctor performing it and where it’s done.